Saturday, July 28, 2012

How Did They Do The 'Impossible'?

How Did They Do The 'Impossible'?

Today's large cranes are almost the length of a football field. The base of Egypt's Great Pyramid could accommodate ten such cranes.

What we find in the Great Pyramid defies all expectations. Beams weighing 70 tons are situated 120-feet above ground level. Ancient Egypt's best ramps would collapse under much smaller weights. Ancient Egyptian ramps were not very strong because they were made of crudely-shaped rocks glued together with clay.

Another simple way to raise blocks is to use wooden levers. But wooden levers are too weak to pry up 70-ton beams, such as those found on the interior of the Great Pyramid. Stacked wooden boards are too unstable to support such enormous building units. Modern tests with mere 1/2-ton blocks barely managed to raise stones a few feet with when using stacked boards to inch them up. The 70-ton beams within the Great Pyramid measure an impressive 27 feet long.

They produce the ceiling of the Great Pyramid's King's Chamber. These great beams span the length of the ceiling and overhang the thick sidewalls of the King's Chamber.

The walls of this mysterious granite room are made of blocks weighing up to 50 tons each. They fit in ways no crane is capable of achieving. A close inspection of the walls and floor shows that the blocks fit together with hairline joints, some barely detectable to the naked eye. All of the protuberances (small bumps) in these blocks fit exactly with matching anti-protuberances in blocks they touch on all sides. It takes a different kind of technology than brute force to perform such sensitive and careful work.

Engineers recognize that fitting these stones is as difficult of a problem as raising them. In addition, we never see granite cut this precisely in today's structures.

We find a very stunning situation further down in the Great Pyramid. Three granite blocks, together 15 feet in length, were used as plugs for the 129-foot-long Ascending Passageway. These blocks plug its lower end. Most engineers who have studied the problem suggest that these blocks were somehow slid down the long 129-foot slope of the Ascending Passageway.

But these plug blocks are less than 1/2 inch narrower than the Ascending Passageway itself. The plug blocks fit very closely with the Ascending Passageway's ceiling. In some places, there is only 1/10 inch clearance. In general, the gap between the tops of the plug blocks and the ceiling of the corridor is only about 1-1/3 inch.

To prevent the blocks from from slipping out of place, workers made them slightly wedge-shaped. This produces an exact, custom fit between the plug blocks and the area of the Ascending Passageway where they rest. With these factors in mind, no engineer has explained how these blocks could have been slid down the 129-foot Ascending Passageway without becoming hopelessly jammed.

No engineer has explained how these blocks could have been put into such a constrained place, either - given the great weight of granite blocks this size. There was simply not enough room for the number of men required to place these heavy plug blocks in such a confined area.

All of the work described above is all the more stunning because it takes 25 hours of labor to cut one inch into Aswan granite with a copper bow drill and sand. Copper was the strongest metal the Pyramid Age Egyptians had in their possession, and copper is a very soft metal. Sand quickly becomes dull against the granite, and must be constantly renewed to furnish sharp cutting points.

No direct evidence shows any tooling method more advanced for ancient Egypt. In fact, even the simple bow drill is unknown for the Pyramid Age, when all of Egypt's great pyramids arose. Modern masons are unable to re-produce the tight, corresponding fits between the granite blocks of the Great Pyramid with the best modern tools.

Some have imagined that these seemingly impossible feats must be attributed to ancient astronauts or ancient high-tech from Atlantis or another lost civilization about which we have no information. But modern science has shown us the way.

The mysterious technology required to perform the stunning architectural features of Egypt's Great Pyramid is revealed in a new book titled 'The Great Pyramid Secret: Egypt's Amazing Lost Mystery Science Returns.'

The book has unique input from MIT, Drexel University, the NASA-funded Space Technology Center of the University of Kansas, and several others.

For more information about the book, visit:

'The Great Pyramid Secret: Egypt's Amazing Lost Mystery Science Returns' is available from
and Barnes & Noble
U.S. Callers: 1-800-843-2665
Outside the U.S.: 201-559-3882
Or, you may special order from any bookstore, or ask your library for the book.

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