Showing posts with label Lost Civilizations. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Lost Civilizations. Show all posts

Saturday, June 8, 2013

Lost Egyptian City Found Under the Sea

Seriously cool and spectacular find. This should be a movie, but it is real...

"It is a city shrouded in myth, swallowed by the Mediterranean Sea and buried in sand and mud for more than 1,200 years. But now archaeologists are unearthing the mysteries of Heracleion, uncovering amazingly well-preserved artifacts that tell the story of a vibrant classical-era port."

Read the full story and see the rest of the amazing pics here:

Tuesday, April 9, 2013

Atlantis: Lost World

Ancient civilizations on the islands of Crete and Santorini, which may have formed the basis for the myth of Atlantis, return to computer-simulated life. The complete Atlantis documentary, studying the palace at Crete, the island of Santorini, and other phenomena which may give clues to the legend of Atlantis.

Tuesday, October 9, 2012

Lost Civilisations: Mesopotamia

The great civilizations of Sumer, Babylonia, and Assyria are covered in this episode. Throughout the episode, we continue with the question of how Mesopotamia was related to biblical stories. We get a nice comparison between the myths of ancient Mesopotamia and the bible. More in depth, we focus on a discovery in the site of Kumran in Israel, the Dead Sea Scrolls, which include some of the earliest versions of the Old Testament. The ties with Biblical Archeology and Mesopotamia is evident when we view how these earlier archeologists wanted to prove the existence of places mentioned in the bible. The discovery of the Moabite Stone was among the earliest finds that confirmed the existence of place names mentioned in the bible and this kind of discovery eventually lead archeologists to the Middle East in droves in the late 1800s and early 1900s, and led to Iraq. Present day Iraq is the home to the bulk of the civilizations that made up ancient Mesopotamia. We next move to Babylonia, whose capital was Babylon. The site was excavated in the 1800s and was yet another confirmation of Biblical Archeology. The ties here have to do with the "babylonian captivity" of the Israelites by Nebuchadnezzer. The film then moves on the to the discovery of the Assyrians ancient capital of Ninevah. Finally, we end up at the most ancient site of ancient Mesopotamia, the civilization of Sumer, about 3000 BC. It is here that the episode attempts to tie in the concept of an ancient "garden of eden ...
Video Rating: 4 / 5

Follow the trail of clues that lead from the ancient myths of the Aegean world to their real-life counterparts.
Video Rating: 4 / 5

Friday, October 5, 2012

Ancient VVisdom - Lost Civilization

Lost Civilization off A Godlike Inferno

Hey Cyberpeeps! Welcome to the newest series that me and my friend Adarkthecoder have decided to create for you! .:-Modifications-:. Sonic Ethers Unbelievable Shaders: .:-Links-:. AdarkTheCoder's Channel: Catch me on... Twitter: Facebook:
Video Rating: 5 / 5

Thursday, August 23, 2012

Things To Do in Atlantis - The Palm, Dubai

Things To Do in Atlantis - The Palm, Dubai

Atlantis, the Palm is an outstanding hotel resort at Palm Jumeirah in Dubai. After the construction, the resort was opened on 24 September 2008. This magnificent architecture is a result of a joint venture between Istithmar PSJC and Kerzner International Limited. The resort consists of a total 1539 rooms and its two towers are linked by a bridge. Atlantis is connected by two monorail stations to the main section of the Palm Jumerirah islands. It is a casket of attractions with 40 acres Aquaventure theme Water Park, a 45,000 square metre conference centre and 1,900 of retail space.

What are you waiting for? Visit Dubai and explore Atlantis the Palm with your own eyes.

The Dolphin Bay is one of the best parts of the resort where tourists can interact with dolphins and swim with them. The resort also has an 11-million litre aquarium, which is home to a young female white whaleshark (Sammy). The Lost Chambers Aquarium is another attraction offering an opportunity to probe the mysterious ruins of Atlantis, lost for thousands of years deep beneath the sea. Get your photo clicked in unbelievable setting surrounded by 65,000 marine animals. Discover the underwater mazes and tunnels of the lost civilization while finding sharks, eels, seahorses and piranhas. Atlantis comprises more than 20 notable marine life exhibits along with a touch tank and an interactive Aquatheatre show.

Experience a real taste of diving at the Atlantis dive centre - an accredited PADI 5-star dive centre on the Palm Jumeirah. A certified driver can enjoy exploring artificial reefs, shipwrecks off the coast of Dubai and dive trips to the magnificent Musandam. It is also a perfect place for learning diving skills. The resort provides more than 1.4 kilometres of stunning beach. It is an ideal place to enjoy beach activities from volleyball to football matches. ShuiQi Spa is a place to awaken mind with awe-inspiring and serene water surroundings. It is set over two floors within the Royal Towers of Atlantis. The spa offers a sublime range of treatments, bathing options, traditional and water therapies.

Take a tennis lesson from several certified tennis professionals at three hard-surfaced tennis courts located near the Zero Entry Pool in the western border of the resort. If you want more adventure on holidays, then you can plan a helicopter tour offered by Atlantis in cooperation with Alpha tours. Get a chance to watch spectacular Dubai skyline flying over the World, the Universe and the Dubai Creek, etc.

Book flights to Dubai and reach here as quickly as possible to enjoy your holidays. is a travel information and travel guide for everything you need to know about this captivating city. The guide will help you plan and book a convenient, comfortable visit to Dubai. Whether it is for business or pleasure, the tips & destination information included are highly beneficial for all. Find a large range of economical and luxurious Dubai hotels for your online hotel booking. Additionally, find cheap flights to Dubai and car rental in Dubai with

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Wednesday, August 15, 2012

Graham Hancock's Quest For The Lost Civilization FULL MOVIE.mp4

This documentary is a breathtaking odyssey, stretching from the pyramids of ancient Egypt to South American ruins. From Easter Island to Angkor Wat, Graham Hancock puts forward compelling evidence to suggest that cultures we term ancient were in fact the heirs to an older lost civilization. http

Gregory S. Aldrete's "The History of the Ancient World: A Global Perspective"
Video Rating: 5 / 5

Saturday, July 28, 2012

How Did They Do The 'Impossible'?

How Did They Do The 'Impossible'?

Today's large cranes are almost the length of a football field. The base of Egypt's Great Pyramid could accommodate ten such cranes.

What we find in the Great Pyramid defies all expectations. Beams weighing 70 tons are situated 120-feet above ground level. Ancient Egypt's best ramps would collapse under much smaller weights. Ancient Egyptian ramps were not very strong because they were made of crudely-shaped rocks glued together with clay.

Another simple way to raise blocks is to use wooden levers. But wooden levers are too weak to pry up 70-ton beams, such as those found on the interior of the Great Pyramid. Stacked wooden boards are too unstable to support such enormous building units. Modern tests with mere 1/2-ton blocks barely managed to raise stones a few feet with when using stacked boards to inch them up. The 70-ton beams within the Great Pyramid measure an impressive 27 feet long.

They produce the ceiling of the Great Pyramid's King's Chamber. These great beams span the length of the ceiling and overhang the thick sidewalls of the King's Chamber.

The walls of this mysterious granite room are made of blocks weighing up to 50 tons each. They fit in ways no crane is capable of achieving. A close inspection of the walls and floor shows that the blocks fit together with hairline joints, some barely detectable to the naked eye. All of the protuberances (small bumps) in these blocks fit exactly with matching anti-protuberances in blocks they touch on all sides. It takes a different kind of technology than brute force to perform such sensitive and careful work.

Engineers recognize that fitting these stones is as difficult of a problem as raising them. In addition, we never see granite cut this precisely in today's structures.

We find a very stunning situation further down in the Great Pyramid. Three granite blocks, together 15 feet in length, were used as plugs for the 129-foot-long Ascending Passageway. These blocks plug its lower end. Most engineers who have studied the problem suggest that these blocks were somehow slid down the long 129-foot slope of the Ascending Passageway.

But these plug blocks are less than 1/2 inch narrower than the Ascending Passageway itself. The plug blocks fit very closely with the Ascending Passageway's ceiling. In some places, there is only 1/10 inch clearance. In general, the gap between the tops of the plug blocks and the ceiling of the corridor is only about 1-1/3 inch.

To prevent the blocks from from slipping out of place, workers made them slightly wedge-shaped. This produces an exact, custom fit between the plug blocks and the area of the Ascending Passageway where they rest. With these factors in mind, no engineer has explained how these blocks could have been slid down the 129-foot Ascending Passageway without becoming hopelessly jammed.

No engineer has explained how these blocks could have been put into such a constrained place, either - given the great weight of granite blocks this size. There was simply not enough room for the number of men required to place these heavy plug blocks in such a confined area.

All of the work described above is all the more stunning because it takes 25 hours of labor to cut one inch into Aswan granite with a copper bow drill and sand. Copper was the strongest metal the Pyramid Age Egyptians had in their possession, and copper is a very soft metal. Sand quickly becomes dull against the granite, and must be constantly renewed to furnish sharp cutting points.

No direct evidence shows any tooling method more advanced for ancient Egypt. In fact, even the simple bow drill is unknown for the Pyramid Age, when all of Egypt's great pyramids arose. Modern masons are unable to re-produce the tight, corresponding fits between the granite blocks of the Great Pyramid with the best modern tools.

Some have imagined that these seemingly impossible feats must be attributed to ancient astronauts or ancient high-tech from Atlantis or another lost civilization about which we have no information. But modern science has shown us the way.

The mysterious technology required to perform the stunning architectural features of Egypt's Great Pyramid is revealed in a new book titled 'The Great Pyramid Secret: Egypt's Amazing Lost Mystery Science Returns.'

The book has unique input from MIT, Drexel University, the NASA-funded Space Technology Center of the University of Kansas, and several others.

For more information about the book, visit:

'The Great Pyramid Secret: Egypt's Amazing Lost Mystery Science Returns' is available from
and Barnes & Noble
U.S. Callers: 1-800-843-2665
Outside the U.S.: 201-559-3882
Or, you may special order from any bookstore, or ask your library for the book.

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Saturday, July 21, 2012

Graham Hancock : Quest for the lost civilization

more videos: Amazing documentary!

Thursday, July 5, 2012

Saving a Lost World in Cambodia

Saving a Lost World in Cambodia

Rising out of the trees, it fairly takes your breath away. If you add to that local myth and legend you'll find it hard to forget the experience.

It is not difficult to understand why, in the late 12th or early 13th century, Jayavarman VII - the Khmer king responsible for Angkor Wat and other temples close to Siem Reap - should want to build one of his greatest achievements in a remote area of northwest Cambodia close to the Thai border. Some suggest it was the beginnings of a grand design to enslave the then known world. If the theory's true and his plans had been carried out, it's unlikely Cambodia would be arguing over its border with Thailand, because it wouldn't exist.

Whatever, that's not the only fascinating factor in the story of Banteay Chhmar (narrow fortress), the treasure that over the centuries has fought and mostly lost its battle with the surrounding jungle. Like all lost civilizations and the myths and legends that suffuse their history, this far-flung corner of the Khmer empire is intertwined with superstitions designed to strike fear into its believers.

So let's get the spooky bit over with straight away. It's known locally as the "citadel of the cats" and legend has it that unspecified "jungle" cats scream in the night and hunt down those people foolish enough to walk on ground that had been long inhabited by feline predators. Scary stuff given that these include the likes of jungle cats, clouded leopards, Indochinese tigers which are native to Cambodia. Take away the superstition, though, and it still strikes me as a timely warning about wandering about in the jungle at night, even though it has been suggested that the wailing comes from the now feral domestic cats that have been dumped in the area.

Besieged by looters over the years, there are moves to preserve what's left of the jungle-bound jewel that is Banteay Chhmar. During the Pol Pot days the temple's site was subject to destruction and looting. Then, in 1999, closer co-operation between Thailand and Cambodia to deter looters followed the interception by Thai police of a truck carrying 117 decorated stone pieces removed from the bas-relief wall of Banteay Chhmar. The pieces were returned to Cambodia and are now in the National Museum in Phnom Penh.

The site comprises the main sandstone temple, other religious structures and a baray to the east of the main building, which is surrounded by a wall with four entrance ways in the middle of it, the outer faces of which contain three-tiered bas-reliefs depicting alternating military and religious scenes.

Lacking any conservation since it was built, much of Banteay Chhmar has collapsed and disintegrated, its towers and temples consumed by the jungle. There are, however, moves, particularly the Global Heritage Fund, to save and protect the temple, particularly as its door jambs carry irreplaceable inscriptions that tell of the consecration and use of the temples and often include names, historical detail and stories about the king and the state of the kingdom.

Legend has it that the face on these temples is a representation of Jayavarman, and the expression the face bears is often referred to as "the Khmer smile". Ironically, the king's architectural endeavors wiped that smile off his face when it became obvious that the vast expense of building the temples eventually drove his kingdom close to bankruptcy. In 1431 the Thai army defeated the Khmers and effectively crushed the empire.

The recent touristic invasion, though, has been less destructive with arts and crafts centers, "discovery activities" and home stays helping the local economy and giving its people a reason to care for their architectural heritage.

Traveling to Cambodia? The Cambodia Pocket Guide is always free! Get free copies everywhere in Phnom Penh, Siem Reap, Angkor Wat and Sihanoukville.

Free online Cambodia travel hotels flights and nightlife.

Looking for cheap travel in Asia?

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Sunday, July 1, 2012

Wednesday, June 13, 2012

ALT and the Lost Civilization - Tequila (Club Mix) (1992)

ALT and the Lost Civilization - Tequila Club Mix (CD Single) (1992)
Video Rating: 5 / 5

Thursday, March 29, 2012

Isn't it amazing how tens of thousands of people convert to Christianity every weekend?

Question by : Isn't it amazing how tens of thousands of people convert to Christianity every weekend?
Faith in God is at an all time high Worldwide.

Romans 10:9,17

Christianity outstripping Islam worldwide
___By William Bole
___Religion News Service
___WASHINGTON (RNS)--One of the often-heard comments since Sept. 11 is that Islam is growing so rapidly it soon will become the world's largest religion, overtaking Christianity in just a couple of decades.
___Many of these projections are traceable to the work of Harvard University scholar Samuel Huntington, who has put forward the idea of a "clash of civilizations." But a new book about Christianity in the Third World says Huntington and others are missing the global demographic picture.
___Islam is indeed expanding as Christianity loses its force in the Western world, particularly Europe, says historian and religious studies scholar Philip Jenkins, author of "The Next Christendom." But the numbers of Christians are exploding in the southern hemisphere, he reports.
___In his book
, newly published by Oxford University Press, Jenkins argues that the post-Sept. 11 commentaries have overlooked the dramatic upsurge of Christianity in places like Africa.
___"Basically, you're talking about Africa being 9 percent Christian back in 1900 and close on 50 percent today. That's a huge change," said Jenkins, who teaches at Penn State University. "Somewhere in the 1960s, the number of Christians in Africa outpaced the number of Muslims in Africa. A great, historic change--and nobody paid attention to it."
___As of 2000, there were approximately 2 billion Christians and 1.2 billion Muslims worldwide, according to the World Christian Encyclopedia, which Jenkins draws upon extensively in his book.
___While disputing Huntington's prediction of a reversal of numerical fortunes, Jenkins does think Christians and Muslims are heading toward a clash that could become cataclysmic. But he sees Islam as facing off in the future not primarily with Western Christianity, but with Christian countries in the developing world.
___In a worst-case scenario, he pictures Christian and Islamic countries of the southern hemisphere locked in religious conflicts reminiscent of the Middle Ages. "Imagine the world of the 13th century armed with nuclear warheads and anthrax," Jenkins writes. He says he put the finishing touches on the book the day before the Sept. 11 attacks.
___Roman Catholicism and the Pentecostal churches figure heavily in the author's portrayal of a "new Christendom" in the Third World, and he sees ample signs of conflict between these two branches of the faith in places like Latin America.
___However, since Sept. 11, the warnings of fierce religious rivalries have revolved mainly around Islam.
___In his 1996 book, "The Clash of Civilizations," Huntington predicted that Muslims would outnumber Christians by 2020 or soon after. "In the long run--Muhammad wins out," he wrote.
___But Jenkins asserts that Huntington's reading of global demographics is skewed. "The problem is that he's only looking at the very high birth rates in Islamic countries. He's not looking at the very high birth rates next door in Christian countries," he said.
___Jenkins points out that the countries with the fastest-growing and youngest populations are evenly distributed between Christian and Muslim societies. Based on these trends, he sees Christianity keeping its massive lead in the foreseeable future. Looking farther ahead, to 2050, he still counts three Christians for every two Muslims worldwide.
___Beth Baiter, a spokeswoman for Huntington, said he has been in such demand as a writer and speaker since Sept. 11 that he is "granting almost no interviews." He did not respond to an e-mail request for comment on this point.
___Jenkins acknowledges that nobody really knows which religions will prevail in 2050, but he adds it is fairly safe to make projections about the next three or four decades.
___He points to countries like Uganda, where between 40 percent and 50 percent of the people are age 14 or under. One would expect such a country to have a booming expansion for at least 30 or 40 years, he said.
___Add to that the religious trends there. "There's a reasonable bet that Uganda is going to be ... about 80 percent Christian in 30 or 40 years. It's possible that there will be a massive overnight conversion to Islam or Mormonism, but I really doubt it," Jenkins said.
___Most commentators are clueless to these religious realities in Africa and elsewhere in the developing world, he said.
___"Everyone knows--quote, unquote--that Christianity was taken to places like Africa by missionaries and then presumably when imperialism ended, then Christianity died with it. That's the impression. But any book written today on religion and Africa, say, would talk about this religious explosion as one of the most r

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Tuesday, January 31, 2012

Destruction Of The Global Food Crisis Of Civilization?

Destruction Of The Global Food Crisis Of Civilization?

Foreseen the sudden change of things, is one of the things people are the hardest to do. Typically, we will extrapolate past trends in order to predict the future. Many times, this approach can work, but sometimes this approach obviously does not work, such as the current economic crisis is completely beyond our expectations.

"Civilization itself might collapse," the idea, most people seem very absurd. For such a complete departure from what is expected of our daily lives, who feel that serious consideration will be up an easy thing? What kind of evidence to make us aware that such a terrible warning? How should we respond to this warning? Highly unlikely on a long list of disasters, we are too disapproval of the. For them, we really just waved his hand, did not seriously children: Yes, our civilization could fall into chaos?? Even the Earth is possible because an asteroid hit and destroyed it!

I spent a few years to study the global agriculture, population, environment, economic trends and the interaction between them.

The combined effect of these trends and the resulting political tensions show that the government collapse and social breakdown is likely to happen. However, "food shortages not only result in the fall of a single government, but also destroy the global civilization" point of view, I have also strongly opposed.

But I can no longer ignore the danger. No long be able to solve problems of environmental degradation, are shaking The world's food economy?? Most importantly, the water table to fall, the soil was lost, temperatures are rising?? This forced me to conclude that: a global crash is possible.

Problem of failed states Even cursory look at the real world order, "Vital Signs", will find evidence to support my conclusion, although this is that people do not want to see. 30 years Environmental protection Those records to the trends of environmental degradation, did not even see a trend to reverse over the world to pay any significant effort.

The past 9 years, 6 years lower than the consumption of world food production, food reserves are declining. Grain harvest began in 2008 when world food stocks sufficient only to maintain 62 days, nearly close to historically low inventory records. Therefore, the spring and summer last year Food prices Set the highest record price.

Grain demand growing faster than food supply has become increasingly serious, arising from soaring food prices is a serious threat in the chaotic edge of governments. Hungry people can not buy food or kind of not necessary, it began to take to the streets. In fact, in 2008 before soaring food prices, failed states (failingstate) in increasing the number of (see the left supplementary material). These countries have many of the problems arise from failure to control population growth. If the food situation continues to deteriorate, these countries will accelerate the collapse. Geopolitical (geopolitics) has entered a new era. The 20th century, the main threat to international security is the superpower conflict; now the main threat to international security is the failed state. So that we are not at risk of concentration of power, but the absence of power.

When a country's government can not protect the personal safety and food security, can not provide Education And health care and other basic social services, the country has failed. Failed states often lose some or all of the control of the territory. When the government lost power monopoly, the law and order began to disintegrate. More than a certain critical point, the country would become very dangerous, and even the personal safety of food aid can not guarantee the rescue will be forced to stop. For example, in Somalia and Afghanistan, the deteriorating situation has to be at risk of food relief.

Failed state of international concern, the main reason is that these countries may be terrorists, drugs, weapons and a breeding ground for the refugees, threatening political stability around the world.

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Sunday, January 29, 2012

Hot PS3 Games: Sid Meier Civilization Revolution

Hot PS3 Games: Sid Meier Civilization Revolution

One in the series of award winning strategy games, this thrilling game allows you to build the world as you dream of building it. With amazing graphics and exciting features, this game allows you to really shape the world in a new and thrilling way, thereby taking the world you know and remaking it in a sensational fashion. First, you get to choose from sixteen different Civilizations, all based on real ones, from Africa to America, or China to Germany, and your goal is to lead that world to victory.

Once you choose your own civilization, the others become rivals, and once you defeat a rival, you will get to add it to your Hall of Achievements that will document all of your triumphs. Since there are so many choices, each game can be a totally new adventure as you will get to recreate new lands, fight new rivals, and basically enjoy sixteen different games within the one.

When you choose the world you want to recreate, you get to be the historical leaders of that day, as well.

For instance you can be Abraham Lincoln, Mao Tse Dong in China, or Otto von Bismarck in Germany, so if you have a great love of history, this game will be like meeting and being the characters you revere or loathe in reality. You will get your own special abilities that will help your rise to power and help you conquer other nearby lands.

Also, you will get to compete against other famous leaders and even change the course of history in your own game by making new decisions or strange moves that never really happened. Plus, with the real time interaction, the leaders and advisors will get to talk to you, and it will have the feel of being real, since they will turn to you, point to things, and make it seem as though you are really communicating with them.

If you really do love history, there really is no finer game than this one as you will be able to go on quests that help you discover and see the world. You will get to discover long lost relics, ancient symbols of the past, experience old and new technologies, and encounter merciless barbarians and natives too on your travels. You will get to see breathtaking lands and seas and mountains as you travel the world and you will have all this on maps and a time scale so you will know exactly where to go and how to get there.

Also, you can get your units together and create an army that will help you intensely combat your rivals, and when your units manage to win battles they will be exalted in rank to veterans and then elites. You can then use these elites in later battles to have even more aggressive onslaught of battle against those you come up against. And as they will all be dressed in the garb to represent your nation, you will easily be able to identify them as you charge them forth into battle.

Roberto Sedycias works as an IT consultant for

Saturday, January 28, 2012

How Many Cherokees Fought In The Civil War? A Lot...

How Many Cherokees Fought In The Civil War? A Lot...
It is not common knowledge that Indian units fought in the Civil War. Although the problem with Indian tribes, including forced removals from their territory, brutal treatment at the hands of American soldiers and militia and skirmishes from revolutionary times onward occurred regularly, some of these tribes, particularly the Cherokee, had a mixed relationship with the powerful government of the United States of America.

By 1806, a series of treaties had whittled down the Cherokee lands so dramatically that when a group of leaders ceded a final parcel of 10 million acres to the Federal Government it resulted in the assassination of the chief responsible, Chuquilatague, known as Doublehead. A rebellious faction under the leadership of Guwisguwi, known as John Ross, and Kahnungdatlageh (Major Ridge) took over determined not to cede any more land. They also gradually made some astounding cultural changes, introducing a constitution modeled after that of the United States as well as creating an elected tribal council as opposed to leadership by clan.

Unparalleled prosperity followed within 30 years. The Cherokees were soon able to boast well made homes, beautiful cultivated fields, and large herds of livestock. They invited Christian missionaries into their territory who taught them how to read. In almost no time the Cherokees became a literate people. They built schools, developed a court system, and published a newspaper named the "Cherokee Phoenix" in 1828. They copied colonial methods of home building, weaving and farming. Religious literature was translated into the new language created by Sequoyah, a Cherokee who aided the American Army in the Creek War of 1813-1814.

An inventory made in 1826 showed how successful the Cherokee had become: It listed "1,560 black slaves. 22,000 cattle, 7,600 horses, 46,000 swine, 2,500 sheep, 762 looms, 2,488 spinning wheels, 172 wagons, 2,942 plows, 10 sawmills, 31 grist mills, 62 blacksmith shops, 8 cotton machines, 18 schools, and 18 ferries."

But the good times would not last. Gold was found in Northern Georgia, white miners poured into the territories, President Andrew Jackson forced through the Indian Removal Act of 1830 ordering the Cherokee out of their lands. Through a terrible journey known as the "Trail of Tears" these eastern Cherokee were pushed into Oklahoma. There they united with previous settlers. Tensions between the "old" and "new" settlers erupted into civil war, but ultimately they were compelled by self interest to band together into the "Cherokee Nation".

Through the 1850s, the Cherokee Nation in Oklahoma prospered, with the "new" settlers wealthy and prosperous, owning slaves. But most of the Cherokee Nation, especially the "old" settlers, were mostly non slave owning, and all of them were about to become pawns in the festering tensions between the north and south. In the summer of 1861, the Union army left the Indian Territory and the Confederate Army moved in. A treaty was signed by the Cherokee nation with the Confederates and this was to prove deadly to the Indians at the end of the war.

In the meantime, for the Indians as well as for the American soldiers who fought, it was often brother against brother. 3000 "New" settlers fought for the Confederacy, and about 1000 "Old" settlers fought for the Union. In the east, 400 North Carolina Cherokee fought a bitter war on behalf of the south as bushwhackers and guerilla fighters in the mountains of the region.

When all is said and done, the Cherokee nation lost more than 1/3 of its population during the Civil War. No side suffered correspondingly in the conflict, or came even close to experiencing those kinds of losses. Because they fought primarily on the losing side, they were treated harshly by the Union forces and never regained the prosperity they had prior to the Civil War. For the Cherokees, who in their history with the political and military forces of the United States Government fought against them, appeased them, made treaties with them and appealed to them, it was all in vain.

The Cherokee story is a sad mixture of selfishness, hostility, cruelty, deceit and theft. Yet today the Cherokee Nation has managed to become a powerful presence in northeastern Oklahoma, responsible for some 200,000 tribal members. With a good working relationship, at last, with the United States, the spirit that led the Cherokee Indians on the Trail of Tears still leads them today to a much more hopeful future.

Matthew Isaacson is a partner at Haskell New York Inc., a company which sells Office Supplies and Storage Cabinets / Office Furniture through its web site and Holiday / Christmas Cards at their sister site

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Wednesday, November 30, 2011

Nubian Culture & Lost Civilization

The Sun Temple at Abu Simbel is a popular tourist attraction which has featured in well-known films like Death on the Nile and The Mummy Returns but had it been left where Ramses II built it 33 centuries ago, it would now be under water , When I dream, I never dream in my village now. All my dreams are in our old Nubian one

Sunday, January 16, 2011

Ancient Mysteries - Atlantis, the Lost Civilization 2/5

Ancient Mysteries - Atlantis, the Lost Civilization 2/5 :Part 1 :Part 3 :Part 4 :Part 5
Video Rating: 4 / 5

This documentary is a breathtaking odyssey, stretching from the pyramids of ancient Egypt to South American ruins. From Easter Island to Angkor Wat, Graham Hancock puts forward compelling evidence to suggest that cultures we term ancient were in fact the heirs to an older lost civilization.
Video Rating: 4 / 5

Saturday, January 15, 2011

THe Lost City of Atlantis

THe Lost City of Atlantis

Copyright (c) 2010 James Holan

"And then in a single day and night of misfortune the Island of Atlantis...was swallowed up by the sea and vanished." -plato

Before any of the major civilizations had even begun to develop, there was one civilization that had already discovered the power of flight, had an advanced knowledge of politics, and a well developed cultural base. However, no one really knows if this civilization ever even existed. According to the ancient philosopher Plato a civilization he dubbed, Atlantis, existed roughly 9000 years before his own time.

The civilization was so advanced that many believe the people of Atlantis had the power to rival the Gods themselves. This theory also leads to the Atlantians destruction, according to Plato. Their destruction is written in Plato's dialogues about Atlantis, the Timaeus and Critias dialogues, which were originally orally passed down in Egyptian culture but were written and translated by Plato into Latin. In the dialogues the character of Timaeus says, "...the Gods became angry with Atlantis for their brash nature..." and thus " their rage destroyed them with a series of catastrophes." These writings seem to be very profound and have led many men and women on epic journeys in hopes of discovering the lost city. But, on another note, it has also led many men and women into debates about the creditability of Plato's dialogues. After all, could these writings merely have been meant to teach people a lesson or make a point in ancient times? The debate rages on and while some still believe the city did in fact exist there is still no physical evidence to support this claim. In the case of the lost city of Atlantis, the English field has been torn because although Plato, along with several other ancient writers and historians, have written records of the islands existents, the world will not provide a material answer. Even though this seems to be the important matter befalling Atlantis, one must wonder: what makes the debate so important to the English field?

People, who generally accept Atlantis having existed, accredit that fact to the theory behind the lack of physical evidence that it exist. They believe that when the Gods' destroyed Atlantis they buried beneath the sea, never to be seen again. This leads these believers with only one goal left in the Atlantis debates, find the lost city, and they themselves have many theories on where it is now located. The most interesting theories tend to form around the America's which, at the time of Atlantis, were not populated at all, not by Indians or Incans. According to writer Tim Allen, the lost city might very well be located in South America in Lake Poopo that rest at an extremely high elevation. He sites, in his book Looking for Atlantis, Several references from Plato's original dialogues. First he takes the descriptions originally used by Plato and applies them to the South American continent. Plato described the lost city as "the whole region rose sheer out of the sea to a great height" according to Allen this suggests the city was located on a mountain or even a plateau of some kind which was "encircled by mountains." Allen goes on to suggests that this could refer to the Andes mountain range which runs along Lake Poopo. With this information in mind he begins to develop a theory that states: the island of Atlantis might have been on Lake Poopo and when the catastrophes accrued the island within the Lake sunk to the button. He further explains and gives many examples on how and why this is possible. These examples range from evidence of gold and coins found around the lake, to even the geological evidence of a catastrophe happening in the time period he was describing. However, how would Plato, a man located not only 3000 miles away and nearly 9000 years into the future know about a civilization that was on the South American continent before there were people there to see it?

Unless Plato had a time machine that was not ever discovered are written about, it does not seem that he could have known about a civilization so far away from him in both distance and the time stream. So, although the theory that Allen presents is very well thought out and very well explained, calculated, researched, and organized, it does not appear at all provable that Plato, being as far away as he was from the actual situation, would have known about this ancient civilization.

However, there was another theory that seemed to process a lot more creditability, not because of its organization, but because of its theory on Atlantis's location. The person in mind is K.T. Frost, a professor of history at Queen's University in Belfast, England. Frost theorized that Atlantis was not, as many people thought, in the Americas; instead he believed it to be located in a very interesting place, Crete. According to Frost the lost civilization of Atlantis was formed 900, not 9000, years before Plato's time and was located on the Island of Crete which did suffer a catastrophe in the form of Mount Santorinas erupting.

The volcano that was approximately half a mile away sent lava rushing into the sea which caused a Tsunami of great proportions into Crete and the Italian Coastal region. When Plato described the destruction of Atlantis he wrote that "the sea swallowed" up the civilization, interestingly enough Tsunami's appear to swallow up whatever they encounter. On top of that Frost explains that the original Island Nation of Crete or the Minoan's as the Cretain people were called, did have a very advanced culture. The Minoan's allowed there women to vote, had an educational system, and even were considered a peaceful nation (this was something not common for the time). All these things when taken under consideration form the basis for a very advanced civilization. When this is incorporated with the fact that Crete was close enough in both time and distance to Plato that he could have known about their culture and existence, it can be seen that Atlantis could be real according to Frost.

There are many different theories about Atlantis among the English field. The question that still needs to be answered, however, is why the English field takes such an interest in the theories? What makes Atlantis such a big phenomenon in the literary world? It seems that Atlantis is one of those great mysteries, and it is well known that English Literature students and professors can not stay away from a good mystery. Atlantis, to the English field, is the final mystery, the greatest one of all. If it can discovered the English field seems to believe that the answer to "life, the universe, and everything" to quote Douglas Adams, will be revealed.

That is what fuels the English debate, which is what makes these two English Professors to derive crazy, if not competent, theories about a civilization that might or might not exist. That leads a lot of people to one final conclusion: There is no Atlantis in real life. The idea of Atlantis is what makes it real, not the actual existence of any Island. To understand this, the English majors must do what they do best, study plain English. It starts with the translation of the world Atlantis from Latin to English. When translated Atlantis mean "The Island of Atlas.

If researchers take into account that Plato could have meant something else when he wrote Atlantis was destroyed by the Gods because the Atlantians disobeyed them, they would realize that if you finish the translation and say Atlas as it was originally intended the text has a whole new meaning. The Gods were not destroying Atlantis, they were destroying the Island of Atlas, or as Atlas officially translated to, the world. The Gods were destroying the world because man was disobeying the Gods orders. To help prove this theory many scholars have suggested that Plato was writing of the inevitable fall of the Roman Empire. He wrote the dialogues towards the end of his life and the end of the Roman Empire, itself. So perhaps there was no Atlantis, maybe Plato was using Crete as an example of things to come in the Roman Empire if it did not listen to its Gods. Whatever the reason for Plato's writings it is certain that the English debate will continue to rage on. Not because there is a lost Island to discover but because the English world needs a debate to keep themselves entertained, and what's better than a mystery?

"...swallowed up by the sea and vanished; wherefore also the ocean that spot has now become impassable and unsearchable, being blocked up by the shoal mud which the island created as it settled down" -Plato Discount martial arts supplies Discount martial arts and Taekwondo supplies

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Friday, January 14, 2011

Ancient Mysteries - Atlantis, the Lost Civilization 1/5

Ancient Mysteries - Atlantis, the Lost Civilization 1/5 :Part 2 :Part 3 :Part 4 :Part 5

A future civilization found a few artifacts from our culture, but not enough to piece together anything real. Still, they make assumptions and they turn out wrong. Sound familiar? RT FOLLOW